Trading Standards across London contribute to the fight against illicit tobacco. The sale of duty evaded and counterfeit tobacco products undermines the health objectives of high taxation and labelling rules and steals business away from legitimate tobacco sellers. There are also fire safety implications as illicit cigarettes do not comply with legal requirements designed to reduce the chances of un-attended lit cigarettes starting a fire.
National and regional levels of smoking and smoking related diseases continue to fall as a result of higher taxation, better education, support in quitting and laws limiting where people can smoke. However, across many parts of London smoking rates for routine and manual workers are consistently much higher than their general populations. In summary cheap and readily available illegal tobacco keeps people smoking.
- View London Trading Standards in action against the trade in illicit tobacco on YouTube here
What is the scale of the problem?
A survey report in 2013 entitled ‘Illicit Tobacco in South East London’ found that 114 million illicit cigarettes, with a street value of over £22 million, are sold annually in the region by organised criminal gangs.
Key findings include:
- Illicit tobacco represented around 15 per cent of the tobacco consumed
- 40 per cent of smokers indicated they had bought illicit tobacco in the last year (implying a high degree of acceptance of the illicit trade)
- 80 per cent of smokers who bought illicit tobacco said they were known to, or introduced to, the seller (implying that the market is largely covert)
- Over 50 per cent of the illicit tobacco being bought was believed to be counterfeit (posing a fire risk in people homes)
- Illicit cigarettes sold in the UK for around £4 per 20 pack or less (compared to legal cigarettes which cost between £6 and £8 per pack)
- Sellers of illicit tobacco supply people too young to legally buy tobacco products (under 18s).
You can download the full report here.
Dr Gerald Power, the author of the report said “This illicit trade can sometimes be seen as a ‘robin hood’ type enterprise with a few locals smuggling a van load of cigarettes back for their friends from abroad. If this ever was true in the past, the reality now is very different. Criminal gangs are heavily involved in the trade and bring both illicit goods as well as drugs into the heart of our communities. We believe the availability of cheap illicit tobacco is also a significant factor in recruiting young smokers. Of the young people we talked to, 40 per cent aged between 14 to 17 years old indicated they had bought these products. Illegal traders don’t respect legal age restrictions.”
What are London Trading Standards doing?
- We receive and share inelligence with partners about illicit tobacco suppliers
- We carry out test purchasing of products
- We carry out inspections and deploy trained tobacco sniffer dogs to find hidden illicit tobacco stocks
- We routinely work with local police and HM Revenue & Customs to seize illicit tobacco
- We enforce labelling, fire safety and anti-counterfeiting laws
- We carry out educational campaigns to highlight the problems of illicit tobacco and promote the reporting of sellers
If you wish to report any traders dealing in illicit tobacco you can use our anonymous reporting form.